A great percentage of the goods we use from out of the country in our daily life have spent some time in a container. and InterContinental trade depends greatly on shipping goods, the vast majority of goods are loaded into standard sized 20 or 40 foot sized containers. Container unloading in Melbourne has a good about 90% of non- bulk cargo that is loaded onto containers. Non-bulk cargo usually refers to lightweight and low volume goods. Also to be considered is the heavy cargo, that does not fit into a container. For example, huge earth-moving tractors, large cranes, heavy-duty construction equipment, a dis-assembled aircraft fuselage, etc.
The general modes of container transport are from a land-based station to a Seaport, loaded onto a ship. Then offloaded at the destination seaport, often having done and later loaded on to a land or rail arrangement for further travel to the destination.
In the beginning cycle of loading cargo on to a container, firstly a good container has to be acquired, preferably close to the loading site. If a worthy container cannot be gotten hold off, acquiring one from a distant location would add a lot to the cost of the container due to the large cost of transporting such a container.
The next step would be loading the goods onto the container. For the loading of a 40-foot container, a forklift truck capable of lifting about 7000 pounds would be required and in the case of a 20-foot container a fork lifter capable of lifting 4200 pounds. Additional to the forklift trucks a significant clearing space should be made available. About a 100 foot of space for a 40-foot container, for the trailer, container and clearing area. 75 feet area should do for a 20-foot container. In the case of a non-availability of a forklift truck, such equipment should be hired that could vertically lift, load and un-lift the goods onto the container.
What is not recommended is a tilt truck, that vertically lifts the goods and then drops them on to a trailer by tilting them and unloading them with a winch mechanism. Such equipment is more suitable for single heavy duty pieces like a large automobile or tractor. While tilting a single piece such do not tend to damage these vehicles or the like. By contrast tilting a container loaded with independent goods, say for example a 100 to 120 commercial pieces would most likely damage the goods due to shifting of the pieces within the container during the tilt process.
Worker physical safety during container unloading in Melbourne is of paramount importance at these container loading and unloading junctions. Due to repetitive heavy lifting and awkward postures often required in loading and unloading that is quite often that the neck, back and leg muscles of workers get strained and sprained, many times giving the workers a permanent physical handicap and disability. As most of such workers are not capable of white collar jobs and can then no longer engage in labour for seeking a livelihood that is a cause of grave concern.